Lessons Learned During the Recovery of the Peregrine Falcon in Canada

Posted on Aug 1, 2012


Geoffrey L. HOLROYD and David M. BIRD

Correspondence: Geoff Holroyd, Environment Canada, Room 200, 4999-98 Ave., Edmonton, AB, T6B 2X3. Email: geoffrey.holroyd@ec.gc.ca

Received 22 February 2012 – Accepted 1 August 2012.


The recovery of the Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) in Canada has spanned almost half a century. The demise of the Peregrine Falcon in North America and Europe was caused by the organochlorine pesticide, DDT. Once this pesticide was banned and captive breeding techniques were improved, large numbers of young falcons were released across southern Canada between 1976 and 1996. The recovery of the Peregrine Falcon was due more to the dedication of those involved and less to recovery plans and legislation that protected this species. Habitat conservation was never a major issue for Peregrine Falcon conservation. This paper discusses the processes involved in the recovery of the Peregrine Falcon in Canada and the lessons learned from this program.

Keywords: Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus, recovery, reintroduction, endangered species, toxicology.



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